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THE world is showing only lukewarm enthusiasm for a "Copenhagen
Accord" to curb climate change, with no sign so far of
deeper-than-planned 2020 curbs on greenhouse gas emissions before a
January 31 deadline.
In Brussels, a draft European Union letter yesterday showed plans
for the 27-nation bloc to reiterate a minimum offer of a 20 percent
cut in emissions by 2020 below 1990 levels and a 30 percent cut if
other nations act comparably.
Other countries are likely to do the same after last month's
Copenhagen summit ended with a low-ambition accord.
Few countries have so far sent letters to the United Nations Climate
Change Secretariat before a January 31 deadline for outlining goals
for 2020 set by the Copenhagen Accord, which was worked out by major
emitters led by China and the United States.
The deal sets a goal to limit global warming to a 2-degree-Celsius
temperature rise above pre-industrial times but omits details of
how. It also backs a target of US$100 billion in annual aid for
developing nations from 2020.
And it said rich countries should submit by January 31 their targets
for cuts in emissions by 2020 and developing nations should outline
actions for slowing the rise of emissions.
The US Climate Action Network said Brazil, South Korea, South
Africa, Ghana, Australia, France, Canada, Papua New Guinea and the
Maldives had indicated they were committed to the accord.
The summit failed to adopt the Copenhagen Accord after opposition
from Cuba, Venezuela, Bolivia, Nicaragua and Sudan. That meant the
conference merely "took note" of the plan.
China, India, South Africa and Brazil will meet in New Delhi