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Lessons from the Copenhagen Climate Change
|UN Challenged to Provide Sound Evidence
for Catastrophic Forecasts.
The International Climate Science Coalition today released the names
of over 140 leading climate experts from 17 countries who are asking
the United Nations and other supporters of this month's Climate
Change Conference to produce convincing OBSERVATIONAL EVIDENCE for
their claims of dangerous human-caused global warming (AGW) and
other changes in climate.
The COPENHAGEN CLIMATE CHALLENGE demands that the UN publicly
substantiate each of ten fundamental assertions that underlie
current climate concerns.
"With revelations that critical temperature data used by the UN's
Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change appear to have been
intentionally distorted to increase warming trends, national
representatives to the Copenhagen Climate Change Conference must
demand a thorough re-examination of the scientific evidence
supporting proposed mitigation actions", said Challenge endorser Dr.
Tim Patterson, ICSC Chair and Professor of Earth Sciences at
Carleton University (Ottawa, Canada). "This should not be limited to
simple temperature data auditing but must also include a
re-evaluation of many of the climate-related assertions uncritically
accepted by politicians and media worldwide."
Perhaps most significant among the scientists' challenges was for
proponents of AGW theory to comprehensively substantiate claims
- Recent climate change is unusual in comparison with historical
- Human emissions of carbon dioxide and other 'greenhouse gases' (GHG)
are dangerously impacting climate;
- Computer-based models are reliable indicators of future climate.
"The science of climate change is not settled; it is evolving
rapidly with critically important discoveries, many of which
contradict IPCC findings, coming out every month," asserted ICSC
science advisor, Dr. Robert M. Carter, also a Challenge endorser and
Professor, Marine Geophysical Laboratory, James Cook University
(Townsville, Australia). "The already weak case for dangerous
man-made global warming is getting weaker still as our
understandings advance, so governments need a several decade long
time-out while the science matures before even considering the
possibility of GHG emission restrictions."
"While policies designed to conserve energy, reduce pollution and
help vulnerable peoples adapt to climate change are important to
pursue, proposals to severely curtail GHG emissions in an effort to
control climate make no sense, given the current state of scientific
knowledge," concludes Challenge endorser Dr. Wibjorn Karlen,
Professor Emeritus, Physical Geography, Stockholm University
(Uppsala, Sweden). "Instead we need to focus on environmental issues
we know we can positively impact - air, land and water pollution
being primary examples."
The ICSC is an association of scientists, economists and energy and
policy experts working to promote better public understanding of
climate change. ICSC provides an analysis of climate science and
policy issues which, being independent of lobby groups and vested
political interests, is an alternative to advice from the IPCC. ICSC
thereby fosters rational, evidence-based, open discussion about all
climate, and climate-related, issues.
Open Letter to Secretary-General
of United Nations
His Excellency Ban Ki Moon
Secretary-General, United Nations
New York, NY
United States of America
8 December 2009
Climate change science is in a period of ‘negative discovery’ - the
more we learn about this exceptionally complex and rapidly evolving
field the more we realize how little we know. Truly, the science is
Therefore, there is no sound reason to impose expensive and
restrictive public policy decisions on the peoples of the Earth
without first providing convincing evidence that human activities
are causing dangerous climate change beyond that resulting from
natural causes. Before any precipitate action is taken, we must have
solid observational data demonstrating that recent changes in
climate differ substantially from changes observed in the past and
are well in excess of normal variations caused by solar cycles,
ocean currents, changes in the Earth's orbital parameters and other
We the undersigned, being qualified in climate-related scientific
disciplines, challenge the UNFCCC and supporters of the United
Nations Climate Change Conference to produce convincing
OBSERVATIONAL EVIDENCE for their claims of dangerous human-caused
global warming and other changes in climate. Projections of possible
future scenarios from unproven computer models of climate are not
acceptable substitutes for real world data obtained through unbiased
and rigorous scientific investigation.
Specifically, we challenge supporters of the hypothesis of dangerous
human-caused climate change to demonstrate that:
1.Variations in global climate in the last hundred years are
significantly outside the natural range experienced in previous
2.Humanity’s emissions of carbon dioxide and other ‘greenhouse
gases’ (GHG) are having a dangerous impact on global climate;
3.Computer-based models can meaningfully replicate the impact of all
of the natural factors that may significantly influence climate;
4.Sea levels are rising dangerously at a rate that has accelerated
with increasing human GHG emissions, thereby threatening small
islands and coastal communities;
5.The incidence of malaria is increasing due to recent climate
6.Human society and natural ecosystems cannot adapt to foreseeable
climate change as they have done in the past;
7.Worldwide glacier retreat, and sea ice melting in Polar Regions ,
is unusual and related to increases in human GHG emissions;
8.Polar bears and other Arctic and Antarctic wildlife are unable to
adapt to anticipated local climate change effects, independent of
the causes of those changes;
9.Hurricanes, other tropical cyclones and associated extreme weather
events are increasing in severity and frequency;
10.Data recorded by ground-based stations are a reliable indicator
of surface temperature trends.
It is not the responsibility of ‘climate realist’ scientists to
prove that dangerous human-caused climate change is not happening.
Rather, it is those who propose that it is, and promote the
allocation of massive investments to solve the supposed ‘problem’,
who have the obligation to convincingly demonstrate that recent
climate change is not of mostly natural origin and, if we do
nothing, catastrophic change will ensue. To date, this they have
utterly failed to do so.
1.Habibullo I. Abdussamatov, Dr. Sci., mathematician and
astrophysicist, Head of the Russian-Ukrainian Astrometria project on
the board of the Russian segment of the ISS, Head of Space Research
Laboratory at the Pulkovo Observatory of the Russian Academy of
Sciences, St. Petersburg, Russia
2.Göran Ahlgren, docent organisk kemi, general secretary of the
Stockholm Initiative, Professor of Organic Chemistry, Stockholm,
3.Syun-Ichi Akasofu, PhD, Professor of Physics, Emeritus and
Founding Director, International Arctic Research Center of the
University of Alaska, Fairbanks, Alaska, U.S.A.
4.J.R. Alexander, Professor Emeritus, Dept. of Civil Engineering,
University of Pretoria, South Africa; Member, UN Scientific and
Technical Committee on Natural Disasters, 1994-2000, Pretoria, South
5.Jock Allison, PhD, ONZM, formerly Ministry of Agriculture Regional
Research Director, Dunedin, New Zealand
6.Bjarne Andresen, PhD, dr. scient, physicist, published and
presents on the impossibility of a "global temperature", Professor,
The Niels Bohr Institute, University of Copenhagen, Denmark
7.Timothy F. Ball, PhD, environmental consultant and former
climatology professor, University of Winnipeg, Member, Science
Advisory Board, ICSC, Victoria, British Columbia, Canada
8.Douglas W. Barr, BS (Meteorology, University of Chicago), BS and
MS (Civil Engineering, University of Minnesota), Barr Engineering
Co. (environmental issues and water resources), Minnesota, U.S.A.
9.Romuald Bartnik, PhD (Organic Chemistry), Professor Emeritus,
Former chairman of the Department of Organic and Applied Chemistry,
climate work in cooperation with Department of Hydrology and
Geological Museum, University of Lodz, Lodz, Poland
10.Colin Barton, B.Sc., PhD, Earth Science, Principal research
scientist (retd), Commonwealth Scientific and Industrial Research
Organisation (CSIRO), Melbourne, Victoria, Australia
11.Joe Bastardi, BSc, (Meteorology, Pennsylvania State),
meteorologist, State College, Pennsylvania, U.S.A.
12.Ernst-Georg Beck, Dipl. Biol. (University of Freiburg),
Biologist, Freiburg, Germany
13.David Bellamy, OBE, English botanist, author, broadcaster,
environmental campaigner, Hon. Professor of Botany (Geography),
University of Nottingham, Hon. Prof. Faculty of Engineering and
Physical Systems, Central Queensland University, Hon. Prof. of Adult
and Continuing Education, University of Durham, United Nations
Environment Program Global 500 Award Winner, Dutch Order of The
Golden Ark, Bishop Auckland County, Durham, U.K.
14.M. I. Bhat, Professor & Head, Department of Geology & Geophysics,
University of Kashmir, Srinagar, Jammu & Kashmir, India
15.Ian R. Bock, BSc, PhD, DSc, Biological sciences (retired),
16.Sonja A. Boehmer-Christiansen, PhD, Reader Emeritus, Dept. of
Geography, Hull University, Editor - Energy&Environment,
Multi-Science (www.multi-science.co.uk), Hull, United Kingdom
17.Atholl Sutherland Brown, PhD (Geology, Princeton University),
Regional Geology, Tectonics and Mineral Deposits, Victoria, British
18.Stephen C. Brown, PhD (Environmental Science, State University of
New York), District Agriculture Agent, Assistant Professor,
University of Alaska Fairbanks, Ground Penetrating Radar Glacier
research, Palmer, Alaska, U.S.A.
19.James Buckee, D.Phil. (Oxon), focus on stellar atmospheres,
Calgary, Alberta, Canada
20.Dan Carruthers, M.Sc., Arctic Animal Behavioural Ecologist,
wildlife biology consultant specializing in animal ecology in Arctic
and Subarctic regions, Alberta, Canada
21.Robert M. Carter, PhD, Professor, Marine Geophysical Laboratory,
James Cook University, Townsville, Australia
22.Dr. Arthur V. Chadwick, PhD, Geologist, dendrochronology
(analyzing tree rings to determine past climate) lecturing,
Southwestern Adventist University, Keene, Texas, U.S.A.
23.George V. Chilingar, PhD, Member, Russian Academy of Sciences,
Moscow President, Russian Academy of Natural Sciences, U.S.A.
Section, Emeritus Professor of Civil and Environmental Engineering,
University of Southern California, Los Angeles, California, U.S.A.
24.Ian D. Clark, PhD, Professor (isotope hydrogeology and
paleoclimatology), Dept. of Earth Sciences, University of Ottawa,
Ottawa, Ontario, Canada
25.Charles A. Clough, BS (Mathematics, Massachusetts Institute of
Technology), MS (Atmospheric Science, Texas Tech University), former
(to 2006) Chief of the US Army Atmospheric Effects Team at Aberdeen
Proving Ground, Maryland; now residing in Bel Air, Maryland, U.S.A.
26.Paul Copper, BSc, MSc, PhD, DIC, FRSC, Professor Emeritus,
Department of Earth Sciences, Laurentian University Sudbury,
27.Piers Corbyn, MSc (Physics (Imperial College London)), ARCS, FRAS,
FRMetS, astrophysicist (Queen Mary College, London), consultant,
founder WeatherAction long range forecasters, London, United Kingdom
28.Allan Cortese, meteorological researcher and spotter for the
National Weather Service, retired computer professional, Billerica,
29.Richard S. Courtney, PhD, energy and environmental consultant,
IPCC expert reviewer, Falmouth, Cornwall, United Kingdom
30.Susan Crockford, PhD (Zoology/Evolutionary Biology/Archaeozoology),
Adjunct Professor (Anthropology/Faculty of Graduate Studies),
University of Victoria, Victoria, British Colombia, Canada
31.Claude Culross, PhD (Organic Chemistry), retired, Baton Rouge,
32.Joseph D’Aleo, BS, MS (Meteorology, University of Wisconsin),
Doctoral Studies (NYU), Executive Director - ICECAP (International
Climate and Environmental Change Assessment Project), Fellow of the
AMS, College Professor Climatology/Meteorology, First Director of
Meteorology The Weather Channel, Hudson, New Hampshire, U.S.A.
33.Chris R. de Freitas, PhD, Climate Scientist, School of
Environment, The University of Auckland, New Zealand
34.Willem de Lange, MSc (Hons), DPhil (Computer and Earth Sciences),
Senior Lecturer in Earth and Ocean Sciences, Waikato University,
Hamilton, New Zealand
35.James DeMeo, PhD (University of Kansas 1986, Earth/Climate
Science), now in Private Research, Ashland, Oregon, U.S.A.
36.David Deming, PhD (Geophysics), Associate Professor, College of
Arts and Sciences, University of Oklahoma, Norman, Oklahoma, U.S.A.
37.James E Dent; B.Sc., FCIWEM, C.Met, FRMetS, C.Env., Independent
Consultant, Member of WMO OPACHE Group on Flood Warning, Hadleigh,
38.Robert W. Durrenberger, PhD, former Arizona State Climatologist
and President of the American Association of State Climatologists,
Professor Emeritus of Geography, Arizona State University; Sun City,
39.Don J. Easterbrook, PhD, Emeritus Professor of Geology, Western
Washington, University, Bellingham, Washington, U.S.A.
40.Per Engene, MSc, Biologist, Bø i Telemark, Norway, Co-author The
Climate. Science and Politics (2009)
41.Robert H. Essenhigh, PhD, E.G. Bailey Professor of Energy
Conversion, Dept. of Mechanical Engineering, The Ohio State
University, Columbus, Ohio, U.S.A.
42.David Evans, PhD (EE), MSc (Stat), MSc (EE), MA (Math), BE (EE),
BSc, mathematician, carbon accountant and modeler, computer and
electrical engineer and head of 'Science Speak', Scientific Advisory
Panel member - Australian Climate Science Coalition, Perth, Western
43.Sören Floderus, PhD (Physical Geography (Uppsala University)),
coastal-environment specialization, Copenhagen, Denmark
44.Louis Fowler, BS (Mathematics), MA (Physics), 33 years in
environmental measurements (Ambient Air Quality Measurements),
Austin, Texas, U.S.A.
45.Stewart Franks, PhD, Professor, Hydroclimatologist, University of
46.Gordon Fulks, PhD (Physics, University of Chicago), cosmic
radiation, solar wind, electromagnetic and geophysical phenomena,
Corbett, Oregon, U.S.A.
47.R. W. Gauldie, PhD, Research Professor, Hawai'i Institute of
Geophysics and Planetology, School of Ocean Earth Sciences and
Technology, University of Hawai'i at Manoa (Retired), U.S.A.
48.David G. Gee, Professor of Geology (Emeritus), Department of
Earth Sciences, Uppsala University, Villavagen 16, Uppsala, Sweden
49.Lee C. Gerhard, PhD, Senior Scientist Emeritus, University of
Kansas, past director and state geologist, Kansas Geological Survey,
50.Gerhard Gerlich, Dr.rer.nat. (Mathematical Physics:
Magnetohydrodynamics) habil. (Real Measure Manifolds), Professor,
Institut für Mathematische Physik, Technische Universität Carolo-Wilhelmina
zu Braunschweig, Braunschweig, Germany, Co-author of “Falsification
Of The Atmospheric CO2 Greenhouse Effects Within The Frame Of
51.Albrecht Glatzle, PhD, ScAgr, Agro-Biologist and Gerente
ejecutivo, Tropical pasture research and land use management,
Director científico de INTTAS, Loma Plata, Paraguay
52.Fred Goldberg, PhD, Adj Professor, Royal Institute of Technology
(Mech, Eng.), Secretary General KTH International Climate Seminar
2006 and Climate analyst and member of NIPCC, Lidingö, Sweden
53.Wayne Goodfellow, PhD (Earth Science), Ocean Evolution,
Paleoenvironments, Adjunct Professor, Senior Research Scientist,
University of Ottawa, Geological Survey of Canada, Ottawa, Ontario,
54.Thomas B. Gray, MS, Meteorology, Retired, USAF, Yachats, Oregon,
55.Vincent Gray, PhD, New Zealand Climate Coalition, expert reviewer
for the IPCC, author of The Greenhouse Delusion: A Critique of
Climate Change 2001, Wellington, New Zealand
56.William M. Gray, PhD, Professor Emeritus, Dept. of Atmospheric
Science, Colorado State University, Head of the Tropical Meteorology
Project, Fort Collins, Colorado, U.S.A.
57.Kenneth P. Green, M.Sc. (Biology, University of San Diego) and a
Doctorate in Environmental Science and Engineering from the
University of California at Los Angeles, Resident Scholar, American
Enterprise Institute, Washington, DC, U.S.A.
58.Charles B. Hammons, PhD (Applied Mathematics), systems/software
engineering, modeling & simulation, design, Consultant, Coyle,
59.William Happer, PhD, Cyrus Fogg Bracket Professor of Physics
(research focus is interaction of light and matter, a key mechanism
for global warming and cooling), Princeton University; Former
Director, Office of Energy Research (now Office of Science), US
Department of Energy (supervised climate change research), Member -
National Academy of Sciences of the USA, American Academy of Arts
and Sciences, American Philosophical Society; Princeton, NJ, USA.
60.Howard Hayden, PhD, Emeritus Professor (Physics), University of
Connecticut, The Energy Advocate, Connecticut, U.S.A.
61.Ross Hays, Atmospheric Scientist, NASA Columbia Scientific
Balloon Facility, Palestine, Texas, U.S.A.
62.James A. Heimbach, Jr., BA Physics (Franklin and Marshall
College), Master's and PhD in Meteorology (Oklahoma University),
Prof. Emeritus of Atmospheric Sciences (University of North Carolina
at Asheville), Springvale, Maine, U.S.A.
63.Ole Humlum, PhD, Professor, Department of Physical Geography,
Institute of Geosciences, University of Oslo, Oslo, Norway
64.Craig D. Idso, PhD, Chairman of the Board of Directors of the
Center for the Study of Carbon Dioxide and Global Change, Tempe,
65.Sherwood B. Idso, PhD, President, Center for the Study of Carbon
Dioxide and Global Change, Tempe, Arizona, U.S.A.
66.Terri Jackson, MSc MPhil., Director, Independent Climate Research
Group, Northern Ireland and London (Founder of the Energy Group at
the Institute of Physics, London), U.K.
67.Albert F. Jacobs, Geol.Drs., P. Geol., Calgary, Alberta, Canada
68.Zbigniew Jaworowski, PhD, DSc, professor of natural sciences,
Senior Science Adviser of Central Laboratory for Radiological
Protection, researcher on ice core CO2 records, Warsaw, Poland.
69.Terrell Johnson, B.S. (Zoology), M.S. (Wildlife & Range
Resources, Air & Water Quality), Principal Environmental Engineer,
Certified Wildlife Biologist, Green River, Wyoming, U.S.A.
70.Bill Kappel, BS (Physical Science-Geology), BS (Meteorology),
Storm Analysis, Climatology, Operation Forecasting, Vice
President/Senior Meteorologist, Applied Weather Associates, LLC,
University of Colorado, Colorado Springs, U.S.A.
71.Wibjörn Karlén, MSc (quaternary sciences), PhD (physical
geography), Professor emeritus, Stockholm University, Department of
Social and Economic Geography, Geografiska Annaler Ser. A, Uppsala,
72.Olavi Kärner, Ph.D., Extraordinary Research Associate; Dept. of
Atmospheric Physics, Tartu Observatory, Toravere, Estonia
73.David Kear, PhD, FRSNZ, CMG, geologist, former Director-General
of NZ Dept. of Scientific & Industrial Research, Whakatane, Bay of
Plenty, New Zealand
74.Madhav L. Khandekar, PhD, consultant meteorologist, (former)
Research Scientist, Environment Canada, Editor "Climate Research”
(03-05), Editorial Board Member "Natural Hazards, IPCC Expert
Reviewer 2007, Unionville, Ontario, Canada
75.Leonid F. Khilyuk, PhD, Science Secretary, Russian Academy of
Natural Sciences, Professor of Engineering, University of Southern
California, Los Angeles, California, U.S.A.
76.William Kininmonth MSc, MAdmin, former head of Australia’s
National Climate Centre and a consultant to the World Meteorological
organization’s Commission for Climatology, Kew, Victoria, Australia
77.Gary Kubat, BS (Atmospheric Science), MS (Atmospheric Science),
professional meteorologist last 18 years, O'Fallon, Illinois, U.S.A.
78.Roar Larsen, Dr.ing.(PhD), Chief Scientist, SINTEF (Trondheim,
Norway), Adjunct Professor, Norwegian University of Science and
Technology, Trondheim, Norway
79.Douglas Leahey, PhD, meteorologist and air-quality consultant,
President - Friends of Science, Calgary, Alberta, Canada
80.Jay Lehr, BEng (Princeton), PhD (environmental science and ground
water hydrology), Science Director, The Heartland Institute,
Chicago, Illinois, U.S.A.
81.Edward Liebsch, BS (Earth Science & Chemistry), MS (Meteorology,
Pennsylvania State University), Senior Air Quality Scientist, HDR
Inc., Maple Grove, MN, U.S.A.
82.Dr. Richard S. Lindzen, Alfred P. Sloan professor of meteorology,
Dept. of Earth, Atmospheric and Planetary Sciences, Massachusetts
Institute of Technology, Cambridge, Massachusetts, U.S.A.
83.Peter Link, BS, MS, PhD (Geology, Climatology), Geol/Paleoclimatology,
retired, Active in Geol-paleoclimatology, Tulsa University and
Industry, Evergreen, Colorado, U.S.A.
84.Anthony R. Lupo, Ph.D., Professor of Atmospheric Science,
Department of Soil, Environmental, and Atmospheric Science,
University of Missouri, Columbia, Missouri, U.S.A.
85.Horst Malberg, PhD, former director of Institute of Meteorology,
Free University of Berlin, Germany
86.Björn Malmgren, PhD, Professor Emeritus in Marine Geology,
Paleoclimate Science, Goteborg University, retired, Norrtälje,
87.Fred Michel, PhD, Director, Institute of Environmental Sciences,
Associate Professor of Earth Sciences, Carleton University, Ottawa,
88.Ferenc Mark Miskolczi, PhD, atmospheric physicist, formerly of
NASA's Langley Research Center, Hampton, Virginia, U.S.A.
89.Asmunn Moene, PhD, MSc (Meteorology), former head of the
Forecasting Centre, Meteorological Institute, Oslo, Norway
90.Cdr. M. R. Morgan, PhD, FRMetS, climate consultant, former
Director in marine meteorology policy and planning in DND Canada,
NATO and World Meteorological Organization and later a research
scientist in global climatology at Exeter University, UK, now
residing in Dartmouth, Nova Scotia, Canada
91.Nils-Axel Mörner, PhD (Sea Level Changes and Climate), Emeritus
Professor of Paleogeophysics & Geodynamics, Stockholm University,
92.Robert Neff, M.S. (Meteorology, St Louis University), Weather
Officer, USAF; Contractor support to NASA Meteorology Satellites,
Retired, Camp Springs, Maryland, U.S.A.
93.John Nicol, PhD, Physics, (Retired) James Cook University,
Chairman - Australian Climate Science Coalition, Brisbane, Australia
94.Ingemar Nordin, PhD, professor in philosophy of science
(including a focus on "Climate research, philosophical and
sociological aspects of a politicised research area"), Linköpings
95.David Nowell, M.Sc., Fellow of the Royal Meteorological Society,
former chairman of the NATO Meteorological Group, Ottawa, Ontario,
96.James J. O'Brien, PhD, Emeritus Professor, Meteorology and
Oceanography, Florida State University, Florida, U.S.A.
97.Peter Oliver, BSc (Geology), BSc (Hons, Geochemistry &
Geophysics), MSc (Geochemistry), PhD (Geology), specialized in NZ
quaternary glaciations, Geochemistry and Paleomagnetism, previously
research scientist for the NZ Department of Scientific and
Industrial Research, Upper Hutt, New Zealand
98.Cliff Ollier, D.Sc., Professor Emeritus (School of Earth and
Environment), Research Fellow, University of Western Australia,
Nedlands, W.A., Australia
99.Garth W. Paltridge, BSc Hons (Qld), MSc, PhD (Melb), DSc (Qld),
Emeritus Professor, Honorary Research Fellow and former Director of
the Institute of Antarctic and Southern Ocean Studies, University of
Tasmania, Hobart, Visiting Fellow, RSBS, ANU, Canberra, ACT,
100.R. Timothy Patterson, PhD, Professor, Dept. of Earth Sciences (paleoclimatology),
Carleton University, Chair - International Climate Science
Coalition, Ottawa, Ontario, Canada
101.Alfred H. Pekarek, PhD, Associate Professor of Geology, Earth
and Atmospheric Sciences Department, St. Cloud State University, St.
Cloud, Minnesota, U.S.A.
102.Ian Plimer, PhD, Professor of Mining Geology, The University of
Adelaide; Emeritus Professor of Earth Sciences, The University of
103.Daniel Joseph Pounder, BS (Meteorology, University of Oklahoma),
MS (Atmospheric Sciences, University of Illinois, Urbana-Champaign);
Weather Forecasting, Meteorologist, WILL AM/FM/TV, the public
broadcasting station of the University of Illinois, Urbana, U.S.A.
104.Brian Pratt, PhD, Professor of Geology (Sedimentology),
University of Saskatchewan, Saskatoon, Saskatchewan, Canada
105.Harry N.A. Priem, PhD, Professor (retired) Utrecht University,
isotope and planetary geology, Past-President Royal Netherlands
Society of Geology and Mining, former President of the Royal
Geological and Mining Society of the Netherlands, Amsterdam, The
106.Tom Quirk, MSc (Melbourne), D Phil, MA (Oxford), SMP (Harvard),
Member of the Scientific Advisory Panel of the Australian Climate
Science Coalition, Member Board Institute of Public Affairs,
Melbourne, Victoria, Australia
107.George A. Reilly, PhD (Geology), Winnipeg, Manitoba, Canada
108.Robert G. Roper, PhD, DSc (University of Adelaide, South
Australia), Emeritus Professor of Atmospheric Sciences, Georgia
Institute of Technology, Atlanta, Georgia, U.S.A.
109.Arthur Rorsch, PhD, Emeritus Professor, Molecular Genetics,
Leiden University, retired member board Netherlands Organization
Applied Research TNO, Leiden, The Netherlands
110.Curt Rose, BA, MA (University of Western Ontario), MA, PhD
(Clark University), Professor Emeritus, Department of Environmental
Studies and Geography, Bishop's University, Sherbrooke, Quebec,
111.Rob Scagel, MSc (forest microclimate specialist), Principal
Consultant - Pacific Phytometric Consultants, Surrey, British
112.Clive Schaupmeyer, B.Sc., M.Sc., Professional Agrologist
(awarded an Alberta "Distinguished Agrologist"), 40 years of weather
and climate studies with respect to crops, Coaldale, Alberta, Canada
113.Bruce Schwoegler, BS (Meteorology and Naval Science, University
of Wisconsin-Madison), Chief Technology Officer, MySky
Communications Inc, meteorologist, science writer and
principal/co-founder of MySky, Lakeville, Massachusetts, U.S.A.
114.John Shade, BS (Physics), MS (Atmospheric Physics), MS (Applied
Statistics), Industrial Statistics Consultant, GDP, Dunfermline,
Scotland, United Kingdom
115.Gary Sharp, PhD, Center for Climate/Ocean Resources Study,
Salinas, California, U.S.A.
116.Thomas P. Sheahen, PhD (Physics, Massachusetts Institute of
Technology), specialist in renewable energy, research and
publication (Applied Optics) in modeling and measurement of
absorption of infrared radiation by atmospheric CO2, Oakland,
117.Paavo Siitam, M.Sc., agronomist and chemist, Cobourg, Ontario,
118.L. Graham Smith, PhD, Associate Professor of Geography,
specialising in Resource Management, University of Western Ontario,
London, Ontario, Canada.
119.Roy W. Spencer, PhD, climatologist, Principal Research
Scientist, Earth System Science Center, The University of Alabama,
Huntsville, Alabama, U.S.A.
120.Walter Starck, PhD (Biological Oceanography), marine biologist
(specialization in coral reefs and fisheries), author, photographer,
121.Peter Stilbs, TeknD, Professor of Physical Chemistry, Research
Leader, School of Chemical Science and Engineering, Royal Institute
of Technology (KTH), member of American Chemical Society and life
member of American Physical Society, Chair of "Global Warming -
Scientific Controversies in Climate Variability", International
seminar meeting at KTH, 2006, Stockholm, Sweden
122.Arlin Super, PhD (Meteorology), former Professor of Meteorology
at Montana State University, retired Research Meteorologist, U.S.
Bureau of Reclamation, Saint Cloud, Minnesota, U.S.A.
123.George H. Taylor, B.A. (Mathematics, U.C. Santa Barbara), M.S.
(Meteorology, University of Utah), Certified Consulting
Meteorologist, Applied Climate Services, LLC, Former State
Climatologist (Oregon), President, American Association of State
Climatologists (1998-2000), Corvallis, Oregon, U.S.A.
124.Mitchell Taylor, PhD, Biologist (Polar Bear Specialist),
Wildlife Research Section, Department of Environment, Igloolik,
125.Hendrik Tennekes, PhD, former director of research, Royal
Netherlands Meteorological Institute, Arnhem, The Netherlands
126.Frank Tipler, PhD, Professor of Mathematical Physics,
astrophysics, Tulane University, New Orleans, Louisiana, U.S.A.
127.Edward M. Tomlinson, MS (Meteorology), Ph.D. (Meteorology,
University of Utah), President, Applied Weather Associates, LLC
(leader in extreme rainfall storm analyses), 21 years US Air Force
in meteorology (Air Weather Service), Monument, Colorado, U.S.A.
128.Ralf D. Tscheuschner, Dr.rer.nat. (Theoretical physics: Quantum
Theory), Freelance Lecturer and Researcher in Physics and Applied
Informatics, Hamburg, Germany. Co-author of “Falsification of The
Atmospheric CO2 Greenhouse Effects Within The Frame Of Physics,
129.Gerrit J. van der Lingen, PhD (Utrecht University), geologist
and paleoclimatologist, climate change consultant, Geoscience
Research and Investigations, Christchurch, New Zealand
130.A.J. (Tom) van Loon, PhD, Professor of Geology (Quaternary
Geology), Adam Mickiewicz University, Poznan, Poland; former
President of the European Association of Science Editors
131.Gösta Walin, PhD in Theoretical physics, Professor emeritus in
oceanography, Earth Science Center, Göteborg University, Göteborg,
132.Neil Waterhouse, PhD (Physics, Thermal, Precise Temperature
Measurement), retired, National Research Council, Bell Northern
Research, Ottawa, Ontario, Canada
133.Anthony Watts, 25-year broadcast meteorology veteran and
currently chief meteorologist for KPAY-AM radio. In 1987, he founded
ItWorks, which supplies custom weather stations, Internet servers,
weather graphics content, and broadcast video equipment. In 2007,
Watts founded SurfaceStations.org, a Web site devoted to
photographing and documenting the quality of weather stations across
the U.S., U.S.A.
134.Charles L. Wax, PhD (physical geography: climatology, LSU),
State Climatologist – Mississippi, past President of the American
Association of State Climatologists, Professor, Department of
Geosciences, Mississippi State University, U.S.A.
135.James Weeg, BS (Geology), MS (Environmental Science),
Professional Geologist/hydrologist, Advent Environmental Inc, Mt.
Pleasant, South Carolina, U.S.A.
136.Forese-Carlo Wezel, PhD, Emeritus Professor of Stratigraphy
(global and Mediterranean geology, mass biotic extinctions and
paleoclimatology), University of Urbino, Urbino, Italy
137.Boris Winterhalter, PhD, senior marine researcher (retired),
Geological Survey of Finland, former adjunct professor in marine
geology, University of Helsinki, Helsinki, Finland
138.David E. Wojick, PhD, PE, energy and environmental consultant,
Technical Advisory Board member - Climate Science Coalition of
America, Star Tannery, Virginia, U.S.A.
139.Raphael Wust, PhD, Adj Sen. Lecturer, Marine Geology/Sedimentology,
James Cook University, Townsville, Australia
140.Stan Zlochen, BS (Atmospheric Science), MS (Atmospheric
Science), USAF (retired), Omaha, Nebraska, U.S.A.
141.Dr. Bob Zybach, PhD (Oregon State University (OSU),
Environmental Sciences Program), MAIS (OSU, Forest Ecology, Cultural
Anthropology, Historical Archaeology), BS (OSU College of Forestry),
President, NW Maps Co., Program Manager, Oregon Websites and
Watersheds Project, Inc., Cottage Grove, Oregon, U.S.A.